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Cognitive Development

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Cognitive development refers to a child's capability to learn as well as solve problems. There are notable initiatives observable in a baby during the formative years of their lives. For instance, a three-month old child is learning to know or familiarize with the environment using the various anatomical structures such as the hands (Ruffin, 2009). The formative days in any life form are very vital and during this period there exists a momentous growth together with learning. Proper comprehension of these evident transformations in the baby's developmental level prepares the caregivers or parents to be able to provide an active and objective attention to children. Developmental transformation is a fundamental fact in human's survival and every individual is developmentally distinct (Kail & Cavanaugh, 2007). There is an importance in appreciation of the fact that no babies are similar. There exist differences or uniqueness in physical, cognitive as well as attachment capabilities or processes. The Ainsworth's theory provides critical insights into the probable effects of various attachment patterns in the life course of an individual. Observably, secure, avoidant, as well as resistant or disorganized attachment patterns all have significant influences into an individual's life. Development means a transformation or growth of a child in the life course following the birth up to the adolescence period. It is imperative to note that these transformations transpire the following an orderly pattern: counting physical, cognitive together with other several developments (Thompson, 2000). This essay presents the notable development processes regarding attachment together with cognitive aspects within the foremost two years of a human life. Furthermore, it discusses the vitality of these developments in the future adult life of a human.

The Development of Attachment and Cognitive Development in the First 2 Years of Life

Generally, the young babies and specifically infants prove to highly regard the mature personalities who are near them. Consequently, they get attached to a minute group of persons early in their lives. It is observable that these are principally individuals who provide care to them. Such processes lead to the creation of the ground for attachment. Attachment herein refers to the powerful emotional association experienced between these infants or babies and the significant others (Sudbery, 2009). They thus develop to view these significant others as their role models or directors in daily life activity. They also show that feelings and trend of singular or complete reliance of these infants depend on these mature persons. It is also vital to indicate that as this bond gradually develops, its quality relies on these adults. When these associations are created, young babies learn that they are capable or able to rely on their mothers, fathers as well as caregivers. Additionally, there is also the tendency to rely on older siblings for the purpose or desire of feeling better (Steinberg et al., 2010). It is vital to highlight some of the attachment patterns presented in the Mary Ainsworth's analysis and consequently indicate their likely effects on a person's life course. Notably, a secure attachment pattern evident in certain personalities enables them to behave distinctively in the social arena. Secure traits make individuals more reluctant and complacent towards initiating relationships with others. Such children develop to become more self-dependent and secretive. On the other hand, avoidant attachment pattern makes people to avoid social contact; they do not easily initiate relationships and have a relatively characteristic deprived or low self-esteem. These people would rather trust and confide in themselves rather than trusting others. The resistant type are highly self-independent, restrictive, and even violent at times. Arrogant characteristics are notable in them and they portray other deviant behaviors and do not comply with rules. Lastly, the disorganized character develops to portray lazy traits and seems reluctant to value friendship values as well as goals. They have very low self-esteem and do not like associating with others.

Indicatively, these processes of attachments begin early within one's life, and babies demonstrate various early attachment characteristics (Sroufe, 2005). Notable behaviors like cooing, kicking and gurgling, indicate that these babies care for, as well as respond timely to those who seem vital to them. Crying or clinging also demonstrates critical attachment behaviors in infants that are applicable in signaling the rest. Babies as young as a month old indicate some depictions



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